A 75-year-old male is now 7-month post anterior myocardial infarction. He had successful proximal LAD drug eluting stent, currently on Aspirin and Ticagrelor. He is awaiting total hip joint replacement, and the orthopaedic surgeon would like to know whether he could stop his anti-platelets.
Thinopyridines in combination with Aspirin should in general continue for:
- At least 12 months after ACS – Stent (DES or BMS) or No Stent
- 1 month after BMS (Bare Metal Stent) in stable CAD
- 6 – 12 months after DES (Drug Eluting Stent) in stable CAD – some recent evidence that the duration can be shortened to 3 months in special circumstances with modern stents (after discussion with cardiologist)
Dual antiplatelet therapy interruption
Whether to discontinue depends on: type of surgery, comfort level of the surgeon, time from the index stent procedure, type of stent used and vessel treated.
General guide for stopping dual anti-platelet prior to non-cardiac surgery:
- Aspirin not to be stopped
- Clopidogrel 5 days prior to surgery
- Ticagrelor 5 days prior to surgery
- Prasugrel 7 days prior to surgery
The key point here is that there is much variation between individual patients, depending on both the cardiac and non-cardiac issues. Cardiologists should be consulted before stopping such therapy so that we could come up with the best solution for the individual patient.
In the scenario above, how we deal with the Ticagrelor around the time of hip surgery would most likely depend on the technical aspects of the STEMI and stent implantation, as well as the urgency of the hip surgery.
Dr Ali Khan