Echocardiogram gives information about the heart muscle and valve functions and its one of the main tools in Cardiology. It is an ultrasound test, similar to baby ultrasound during pregnancy.
In coronary artery disease, echocardiogram identifies the effect of the blocked arteries on the damaged heart muscle. It tells us how strong the heart is pumping.
In valvular heart diseases, echocardiogram is the cornerstone examination that tells us the cause and severity of valve problems. It guides further testing, monitoring and treatment.
A typical test takes 30-45 minutes, depending on complexity.